The report outlines the survey findings of productive use (energy) potential at selected micro-hydro power (MHP) sites in Luwu Utara and Mamasa Districts. The field data collection was conducted on 11 villages, i.e. 4 villages (Bantimurung, Malimbu, Tulak Talu and Parara) in Luwu Utara District and 7 villages (Orobua Selatan, Tawalian Timur, Salumo Kanan, Rante Puang, Bombong Lambe, Masamba and Pasembu) in Mamasa District.
The successful implementation of productive use will become a milestone of MHP’s best practice, it is expected to: (a) enhance strong ownership and awareness of local community on MHP sustainable management use, including catchment areas management; (b) enhance the establishment of sustainable livelihoods in the upstream areas; (c) As a driver of industrial revolution, accelerated and distributed income generation in the upstream/remote area.
Efforts had been made on this aspect, however, the results, have not yet been satisfying. The most probable reasons are: (a) improper procurement of productive-use machines. The productive use machine may not be simply purchased from the general market, it should be tailor made and carefully tested before granting to local community; (b) local community needs intensive facilitation and technical assistances to use and maintain the machine. The granted machine may not be used by local community due to a simple technical problem; (c) the operational cost of the machine should be economically sound for specific productive use activity; (d) the machine should be designed for long-lived used with simple operation and maintenance.
Based on our findings, Luwu Utara District is ideal for productive use development. The district has good economic infrastructure, accessibility and great support of local government. The government has strong development policy to develop and maintain the areas as a leading cocoa production in South Sulawesi Province. While Mamasa, the economic infrastructure is still under development and rather poor accessibility, but the district has excellent social capital and well-known as the center of MHP development in Sulawesi. Local community in Mamasa is still ‘virgin’ from project (‘money’) intervention and badly needed technical assistances.
The MHP in the surveyed areas established by various projects, the recent establishment is initiated by Green-PNPM (after 2009), while the previous MHP (2005-2008) were established by PNPM Rural-MHPP (GTZ) and district agency. The MHP number on each village ranges from 1 to 4, the MHP installed capacity ranges from 8 Kwh – 78 Kwh. Several villages have only one MHP, such as Bantimurung, Salumokanan, Mesakada, Orobua Selatan, Pasembu and Bombong Lambe, while some villages have more than 2 MHP, such as Rantepuang, Malimbu (2 MHP), Tawalian Timur (3 MHP), Parara (3 MHP) and Tulaktalu (4 MHP). Based on our field observation, MHP initiated by Green-PNPM during 2009 and 2010 have better performance compared those initiated by MHPP, Rural PNPM and district government, this is certainly due to the present of GTZ-Technical Support Unit/TSU. TSU facilitate MHP project preparation and implementation, including site assessment, construction, plant commissioning and training to Green Facilitators, key village champions and operator teams.